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Age Related Macular Degeneration and Your Central Vision

Did you know that age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of vision loss and blindness among adults aged 50 and above?

AMD occurs when the part of the retina responsible for your sharp central vision, the macula, begins to deteriorate. Central vision is the visual field that you rely on to focus on objects clearly, to read or to drive. As AMD affects your macula, the condition often results in gradual central vision loss. AMD does not cause complete blindness, as those affected by the condition are able to see by relying on their peripheral or side vision.

AMD is usually diagnosed as either dry or wet. The dry form is more common than wet macular degeneration. In dry AMD, light-sensitive cells in the macula gradually break down and slowly begin to blur central vision in the affected eye. Over time, central vision in the affected eye can be slowly lost as the macula begins to further deteriorate.

In its wet form, macular degeneration can lead to more severe vision loss, as the more advanced stage of the disease causes new blood vessels to grow beneath the retina. These new blood vessels are delicate and can leak blood and fluid, causing damage and scarring of the retina, leading to further vision loss.

The early and intermediate stages of AMD usually occur without symptoms. Only a comprehensive dilated eye exam can detect AMD. The eye exam includes a visual acuity test that measures how well you see, a dilated eye exam and the use of an Amsler grid. An Amsler grid consists of a grid of straight lines with a central focus point in the center. Someone with AMD may see the central area darkened or will report that the lines are wavy. This is a very effective and easy way for you and your eye practitioner to monitor changes in your central vision.

Aside from age, other risk factors that can increase your chances of developing AMD include smoking, high blood pressure, UV exposure and family history of the disease. It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, which includes quitting smoking, exercising regularly and maintaining normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Eating a diet rich in colorful vegetables and fish can boost the vitamins that naturally protect the eyes from AMD. We may recommend vitamin and mineral supplements based on your risk factors and level of developing macular degeneration.

Early detection of AMD is the best way to control the condition and reduce damage to your eyesight. That's just one of the reasons why it's so important to get a comprehensive eye exam from an eye care professional at least once a year.

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Dear Patients,

We would like to reassure you that we are here for your essential eye care needs during this difficult time. We are available for urgent orders for glasses refills, contact lenses, and other eye care concerns. Our office is closed during this Shelter-in-Place order throughout the State of California and for the duration of the Novel Coronavirus Pandemic. However, we have staff available via phone and email to take care of any necessities.

Our Doctors are set up to deliver TeleMedicine to assist in emergency visits, refilling your medication prescriptions, contact lens prescriptions, eye health check ups and other essential vision needs. Essential needs are typically covered with medical and vision insurance under emergency waivers.

Our contact lens specialists and our opticians can place orders for contact lenses and to replace broken eyeglasses or get you back up pairs.

Please reach out by phone (805) 692-6977 or via email eyecare5300@gmail.com. We will be open for phone calls Mondays thru Fridays between 9am to 3pm.

Stay healthy and let us know what we can do to help you through this process with your essential visual needs.